Angular Cache Images

2 or lower, including Angular 2, see my previous posts on making API calls with the Http service. Since we are using Angular and Typescript ️, and all our data calls go through RxJs, we figured that we can create a Cache Observable decorator, which we'd use to only give the caching power to certain methods. Unfortunately. Date - 00:04 Angular. A benefit of progressive web apps is the ability to work smoothly when network coverage is unreliable. It’s time to check out your Angular CLI version, hit the below command. That way the user's browser will download less data while navigating through your pages, which will improve the loading speed of your website. An e-commerce website where local and international brands offers huge discounts on their products and services. To remedy this problem, we have no other choice but to change the name in some way, for example by appending a suffix. Once I find more efficient ways of setting up Angular 2 with TypeScript I will update you. Using advance caching techniques to speed up the load time and give users a better experience. As an introduction, we will start running an existing, already dockerized example from Github. Nativescript provides Image-Cache, to cache the downloaded image and fetch it from cache whenever requested next time. When images are preloaded in the browser, the visitor can surf around your site and enjoy extremely faster loading times. I started working with Angular in 2015 with an ecommerce site redesign. A local image cache stores a copy of image files, essentially enabling multiple API servers to serve the same image file, resulting in an increase in scalability due to an increased number of endpoints serving an image file. We are currently working to bring you an updated tutorial on this topic! TL;DR. The src should reference an image within our src/assets directory. The manifest file of your app lets you specify your app's name, short name, icons, theme color, and other details. Caching is a great tool to reduce server resource consumption, bandwidth utilization and provide a faster end-user experience to visitors. Refer code for this page (index. Preloading images involves priming the clients cache with the images you will need to display at some point in your app. However, one should always be cautious when dealing with caching and don't overdo it. We provide fast, reliable and highly available global CDN services, and it's free to start!. In short, they are applications that use modern web capabilities to provide a user experience similar to that of mobile and native apps. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Kumar’s connections. jpg, but its content changes (it is output of other program which runs on a server). The Service Worker API comes with a Cache interface, that lets you create stores of responses keyed by request. Browser Cache When we visit a web page, most modern browsers cache the images of that web page. In this post, we'll go through the entire process of deploying an Angular 5 application to Azure's CDN. Angular 2 is an open source JavaScript framework to build web applications in HTML and JavaScript. Combining JavaScript bundling, minification, cache busting, and easier debugging #JavaScript #CSS #Web Essentials #optimizations #MVC Blog - Volare Systems - ASP. NOTE: In this version, I am keeping the cache in memory and not persisting it in the browsers localStorage. Javascript Madness Intro. Angular CLI 6 allows to add PWA capabilities to an existing Angular app. And, how to load remote images in the background in order to preheat the browser cache. Yes, all browsers can cache pages and resources for long periods if told to do so, but the browser can kick individual items out of the cache at any point to make room for other things. AngularJS is specifically useful in situations where a variety of images, data or other elements are present. The following list shows the commonly used filter. Before the browser can render the application, the components and templates must be converted to executable JavaScript by the Angular compiler. By default, files fetched at runtime aren't cached. This tutorial shows how to Dockerize an Angular app, built with the Angular CLI, using Docker along with Docker Compose and Docker Machine for both development and production. A modern PHP 7 framework offering a flexible database access layer and a powerful scaffolding system that makes building both small and complex systems simpler, easier and, of course, tastier. This means that we need to migrate an already implement set of HTML files to the Angular. It worth mentioning that angular-cli team recommends a similar process in case you would like to play around with angular-cli code itself, and what npm link actually do. The crux of the system is the cache manifest file. The root component had two links and was supposed to render either Home or ProductDetail. What we’re saying is that you only change the URL if your resource/image has changed. We figured the best way to apply this caching in a selective and configurable way will be to use what the platform already gives us. - Used techniques like lazy loading below the fold images, css sprites for icons, cache control, script and style minimization, deferring render blocking css and javascript and pruning the GTM tags to better the page speed of two high lead generating pages. We're the creators of MongoDB, the most popular database for modern apps, and MongoDB Atlas, the global cloud database on AWS, Azure, and GCP. However, it can also be used to redirect one URL to another URL, or to invoke an internal proxy fetch. They sit in the background of the device and perform tasks like caching resources and listening for push notifications. Enable fast and scalable downloads of images and. Caching with the C# language is very easy. This file contains the default caching behavior or the Angular Service Worker, which targets the application static asset files: the index. nu (X)HTML5 Validator (Living Validator). December 20, 2016 This post has been updated to support the new HttpClientModule. This is good! It means this is probably not a leak. NET Core with an example. That cache busting number only changes when the file changes, so you only break cache on the files that need broken. The MediaWiki action API is a web service that allows access to some wiki-features like authentication, page operations, and search. com Joker’s Stash Drops Largest-Ever Credit Card Cache on Dark Web. There are also suitable images for tests, but more about this later. ” Then, click “Clear browsing data” to see the different options of data you can delete. The getFallback function uses a cache-only strategy, where fallback data that has initially been added to the static files cache is used. In this tutorial, We will see how to implement caching of Http Reponse in Angular 4 using Interceptors. N R Kumar has 4 jobs listed on their profile. Angular 2 integration is coming as soon as it's on Beta! You can read the documentation here or you can checkout the SDK on Github. This guide gets you started building Chrome Apps with the AngularJS MVC framework.   You can u. Rule #3 recommends that you use set an Expires header on your static files (images, CSS and JavaScript) very far into the future (like 10 years) so that your browser’s cache is used to load those elements rather than making another HTTP request, which is costly when it comes to page load times. Hi, I have created a simple page where I want to show automatically refreshed picture. Conditionally add class to an element on click - angular 2+ Select all/ deselect all checkbox - Angular 2+ Disable submit button until all mandatory fields are filled - Angular File upload validation - Angular 2/5 3 simple ways to share data through angular route. They make your online experience easier by saving browsing data. AngularJS 1. 1 is the user ID. an Angular filter (if. When visiting a webpage your browser checks if a copy of the files on the page is in its cache already. John Mueller of Google answered two questions around AngularJS this week, one in the Google Webmaster Help forums and one in a Google Hangout on Tuesday. It comes as a surprise to many that by-default, all versions of Internet Explorer will cache HTTPS content so long as the caching headers allow it. 0 is under development. Amplify's goal is to simplify all forms of data handling by providing a unified API for various data sources. Now, when the user taps a hotspot, the app quickly preloads the image before the state change occurs. body’s shape is based on user-controlled input, all properties and values in this object are untrusted and should be validated before trusting. It’s the most straightforward way of accessing REST resources and enabling caching is simply a matter of setting the cache to true on the get method like so:. With AngularJS 2. Tutorial built with Angular 5. This repository is maintained by Angular and is meant to be an advanced starter for both ASP. dll provides the feature for working with caching in C#. Created with Sketch. The image url is actually a call to the (backend) API returning the image. Using advance caching techniques to speed up the load time and give users a better experience. NET Core SignalR and. But to get data to be cached, we need to create a data group. It’s the most straightforward way of accessing REST resources and enabling caching is simply a matter of setting the cache to true on the get method like so:. Caching Images in IIS. This is due to AngularJS watching for changes by “dirty checking”. AngularJS–Part 6, Templates 28 December, 2013. **This blog post is just one part of a series of Angular tutorials & advanced topics. This article details the steps necessary to deploy an Angular Router application anywhere on Internet Information Services (IIS). In this Hello-World-like tutorial, we will show how to run Angular 4 applications that have been created with Angular CLI in a Docker container. But for now we will just use it with images. fix for the angular browser caching issue. The Front tier can be developed as a micro-service in nodejs stack (angular, react etc. Declarative templates with data-binding, MVC, dependency injection and great testability story all implemented with pure client-side JavaScript!. Why is ng-repeat in AngularJS slow with large lists? The ng-repeat directive of AngularJS is getting slow above 2500 two-way data bindings. Kumar has 4 jobs listed on their profile. This article describes how a typical browser file download can be triggered using the Angular HttpClient. The tables data loads through the json object. Caching Images with Ionic 3 2017 · 3 min read. Even while following instructions to empty the. This document explains how to enable Angular service worker support in projects that you created with the Angular CLI. HTTP (or browser) caching is the mechanism of saving a copy of a web page, image, script or style sheet to the browser cache when you visit a web page. Lab: Caching Files with Service Worker We're in the process of restructuring our PWA training resources. When preparing the production builds, the Angular CLI always addresses the browser caching by appending the hash sums to the file name. Angular image cache module. It’s not that hard to cache images dynamically with the Angular Service Worker. In this Hello-World-like tutorial, we will show how to run Angular 4 applications that have been created with Angular CLI in a Docker container. It’s not illegal or anything, it’s just caching to the maximum extent permitted by the spec. But to get data to be cached, we need to create a data group. I've broken a lot but fixed more. We will start by defining a dynamic URL as a pointer to an address somewhere on the web that can or will be changed at runtime(on our webpage) and is not hardcoded. With this approach we store up to 20 cached requests, and let the system remove the least recently used when the cache is full and a new object is referenced which is not there in cache. Tweet This. dll provides the feature for working with caching in C#. a) Technologies • C# (. Important Note: this module supports Angular / Ionic versions 2 and above only. Themes can be autloaded too, but it is best for performance to include the CSS file. However, one should always be cautious when dealing with caching and don't overdo it. For instance, Markdown is designed to be easier to write and read for text documents and you could write a loop in Pug. This repository is maintained by Angular and is meant to be an advanced starter for both ASP. The popular CMF and the front-end JavaScript-based framework are a great duet!. Is there a way to load all the images of an Angular 4 app before start? Help Request Hello, I'm facing a problem with css where the images 'flashes' from blank state because they are not loaded at the start with the whole application. Angular: caching of images when using img ng-src in firefox seems broken I'm working on a real-time photosharing website. The step-by-step instructions have been tested with Angular 4 and Angular 6. component,colorbox. When I first visit the album page AngularJS is caching the template used to render it, so of course it stays in memory. You can change the default cache reload by setting a forceGet parameter. Cache in AngularJS allows us to save data into browser temporary memory. Starting from Beta 1, Angular 2 applications don’t seem to run in Internet Explorer anymore—although Angular 2 officially supports Internet Explorer versions 9 to 11 and it worked like a charm in Beta 0. NET and Java APIs for file formats - natively work with DOCX, XLSX, PPT, PDF, images and more. Since we need to automate the build process as much as possible, we are going to be building the angular app together with docker image. This file contains the default caching behavior or the Angular Service Worker, which targets the application static asset files: the index. The Cache-Control header is the most important header to set as it effectively ‘switches on’ caching in the browser. To remedy this problem, we have no other choice but to change the name in some way, for example by appending a suffix. Select a folder in the left pane or a single file in the right pane and open the Properties dialog. The following list shows the commonly used filter. Once I find more efficient ways of setting up Angular 2 with TypeScript I will update you. There will be no request listed on the dev-tools network tab when a resource is retrieved Angular's cache. Deploying Angular, React and Vue Apps on Kubernetes I've open sourced some sample code that shows how to deploy Angular, React and Vue web applications to Kubernetes on the IBM Cloud. This article describes how a typical browser file download can be triggered using the Angular HttpClient. By utilizing an end-to-end optimized stack running on customer dedicated nodes, Amazon ElastiCache provides secure, blazing fast performance. The Angular docs say the following about data groups : Unlike asset resources, data requests are not versioned along with the app. The solution? Preloading images. Are you using the Cache-Control header with the ASP "Response. When I first visit the album page AngularJS is caching the template used to render it, so of course it stays in memory. How cache & cookies work. This guide gets you started building Chrome Apps with the AngularJS MVC framework. Response caching adds cache-related headers. In order to make it unique for each passes, we can place in a random number behind the url as shown by both the contributor above. Originally, HTML was primarily designed as a language for semantically describing scientific documents. Laravel Vapor is a serverless deployment platform for Laravel, powered by AWS. Since the docker images used in this tutorial are. Angular is more complex to understand, there is a lot of unnecessary syntax, and component management is intricate. In this tutorial, we’ll be using the latest Angular 6 to build a PWA by implementing the core tenets that make a PWA. restrict}} {{doc | humanizeDoc | directiveBrackets}} View Demo View Source on Github. Simple is awesome, but simple and fast is doubly awesome and that's why we also value speed and performance. List of AngularJS interview questions to help you prepare for your AngularJS technical interview, Read the most frequently asked 50 top AngularJS multiple choice questions and answers PDF for freshers and experienced. For that, we will create a simple image to build angular and then use the Docker multi-stage feature to create another image to host our application using NGINX. 2 or lower, including Angular 2, see my previous posts on making API calls with the Http service. In this informal essay I'll go through a case study of my experience in using Angular (2 and above) in production. AngularJS で HTML5 の Cache manifest ファイルを利用して静的リソースを Application Cache にキャッシュする、というのを試してみたので、メモがてら手順をここに残します。 ちなみに Application Cache. json, which lives in the root of the workspace:. htaccess configuration for Angular 8, Angular 7, Angular 6, Angular 5 (and older) app in production incl. Caching the static content will make your Angular app load faster as it will already be in the browser. It comes as a surprise to many that by-default, all versions of Internet Explorer will cache HTTPS content so long as the caching headers allow it. Angular is more complex to understand, there is a lot of unnecessary syntax, and component management is intricate. Is there a way to load all the images of an Angular 4 app before start? Help Request Hello, I'm facing a problem with css where the images 'flashes' from blank state because they are not loaded at the start with the whole application. entire days full of fun and learning Angular! Advanced caching with RxJS. Also, unlike native apps, no installation is required, but they are faster than typical web. HttpInterceptor has a intercept() method. This is the main view of what we were doing so far. With the Angular CLI, Ahead-Of-Time (AOT) compilation is performed by default during a production build process. To precache this image you need to add a pattern that includes it to ngsw-config. The popular CMF and the front-end JavaScript-based framework are a great duet!. If a resource exists in the cache, the cached version is used, and no network request is made. This file contains the default caching behavior or the Angular Service Worker, which targets the application static asset files: the index. For example, in the Cache Storage section you can see and modify some of the app cached assets. There are a few options for image caching: 1. CakePHP makes building web applications simpler, faster, while requiring less code. Caching Images with Ionic 3 2017 · 3 min read. Source: Threatpost. Many updates and changes have been made to Angular tooling with regard to PWA support since this article was written. ng update @angular/cli. This is easily done using Angular PWA which will use service workers to cache the static content, that is the js, css bundles, images and static served files, and present them without making a call to. The basic. Images View of AngularJS cacheFactory Service. If the problem domain is very simple it may work, however, if, e. Creating a Front-End for Your User Profile Store with Angular and TypeScript Nic Raboy, Developer Advocate, Couchbase on August 8, 2017 I recently wrote a tutorial titled, Creating a User Profile Store with Node. Safe image requests in angular Brecht Billiet 24 Oct 2017 on Angular. Upload options. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Kumar’s connections. The cache manifest in HTML5 is a software storage feature which provides the ability to access a web application even without a network connection. Install Bower. If you combine this with a service worker, to cache the already loaded images, the performance gains could be huge. Streamlining Angular code is sublime. an Angular filter (if. This tutorial looks at the various aspects of Angular 2 framework which includes the basics of the framework, the setup of Angular and how to work with the various aspects of the framework. x app with a Caché REST backend - Part 1 of Many ⏩ Post By Chris Stewart Intersystems Developer Community Angular ️ CSP ️ HTML ️ JavaScript ️ REST API ️ Web Development ️ Caché. Angular 6 Http Get Example Tutorial From Scratch. It means lazy-loaded import that looked like this:. Combining JavaScript bundling, minification, cache busting, and easier debugging #JavaScript #CSS #Web Essentials #optimizations #MVC Blog - Volare Systems - ASP. What might be news though is how version 11 of that browser (supposedly an improvement on previous iterations of the product) caches HTTP GET requests after the first time they are executed. If you'd like to upload these altered images, you might want to check out my previous tutorial titled, Upload Files to Node. If a browser sees that a file should be cached for five minutes, it will stay in the browser cache for five minutes and that file will not have to be retrieved if it is called again. js and a NoSQL Database , as it is a very popular subject and use-case when it comes to NoSQL databases. Then, if there is another request for the same URL, it can use the response that. Since you're on the Eclipse marketplace, I would assume you have at least some interest in Eclipse, and as you've made it clear you like VS Code - you might be intersted in CodeMix, which. The HttpClient in @angular/common/http offers a simplified client HTTP API for Angular applications that rests on the XMLHttpRequest interface. The following list shows the commonly used filter. How to work with images in a NativeScript application. In this Hello-World-like tutorial, we will show how to run Angular 4 applications that have been created with Angular CLI in a Docker container. Caching Images in IIS. The cache memory has a small size of kilobytes/megabytes, and is mostly used for storing things temporary. We will cover how to do HTTP in Angular in general. When the Cache-Control header is included the browser will respect the values found there. The problem is, because Angular needs to re-run your function in every change detection cycle, if the function performs expensive tasks, it can be costly. object: Options object that specifies the cache behavior. Examples include image optimization, cache busting, and CDN asset processing. Since the docker images used in this tutorial are. x, but with the change comes a big boost in capability. This project is a re-write of the jquery-confirm plugin Please post your Suggestions here. performance, the default, optimizes for responses that are as fast as possible. Angular 2 isn’t an upgrade from Angular 1 but rather a completely new, different, and more advanced framework. Nginx can redirect request to any of the n- front tier apps deployed; API layer can be developed in any technology stack (nodejs, java, python, ruby etc. Conditionally add class to an element on click - angular 2+ Select all/ deselect all checkbox - Angular 2+ Disable submit button until all mandatory fields are filled - Angular File upload validation - Angular 2/5 3 simple ways to share data through angular route. The ng-model directive binds the value of HTML controls (input, select, textarea) to application data. Now let’s see the image view so that we can able to see what we did so far or what is the output of this AngularJS. Share private packages across your team with npm Orgs, now with simplified billing via the aws marketplace!. The Angular service worker can use either of two caching strategies for data resources. Donate $5 to cdnjs via Bountysource, Open Collective or Patreon, or contribute on GitHub to make cdnjs sustainable! Twitter Discourse. 3 million stolen cards, mostly from India, could fetch $130 million for the cybercrooks. CacheStorage. I received the feedback to also try out GitLab. I started working with Angular in 2015 with an ecommerce site redesign. The Cache-Control general-header field is used to specify directives for caching mechanisms in both requests and responses. The issue is fixed in later versions of Angular 2. This enables you to separate applications from the infrastructure, making the software delivery much faster. As an introduction, we will start running an existing, already dockerized example from Github. The classic cache problem. Check "Enable content expiration" and choose when your content should expire. HttpInterceptor has a intercept() method. Then, the view transitions and since the image is already cached, there is no "flash". js + Vuex AngularJS: AngularJS After getting a lot of interest in a previous tutorial I posted on how to build a User Registration and Login with Angular 1, and since Angular 2 Final was recently released I thought it was time to post an updated example built with. In this tutorial, We will see how to implement caching of Http Reponse in Angular 4 using Interceptors. Have you read my. x - Integrate a jQuery Plugin)tutorial But I can not find any relation between app. The temporary Internet files in Internet Explorer 11, sometimes called the cache, are the copies of text, images, and other data from recently viewed websites that are stored on your hard drive. It has a possibility to have remote builds and cache on the build farm. Here’s a visual breakdown of how our Angular app loads. 3 million stolen cards, mostly from India, could fetch $130 million for the cybercrooks. I’ve got a very simple Angular app I’m trying to set up a basic CI flow for but I can’t even get past the NPM install step. CacheControl" property or through a returned HTTP header? This is the only way to truly prevent caching in Internet Explorer. The crux of the system is the cache manifest file. You can also check out the source code to build the base image on my GitHub repository. The world's most trusted developer resource. This package was built from the source code at More information. an Angular filter (if. The step-by-step instructions have been tested with Angular 4 and Angular 6. With the Angular CLI, Ahead-Of-Time (AOT) compilation is performed by default during a production build process. You can use the materials linked to from this page, but some of the content may be out of date. The set of common methods for HTTP/1. NET MVC has had server-side bundling and minification for a couple versions now. 0, the older Http service still works, but it's deprecated and has been removed in Angular 6. Preloading images involves priming the clients cache with the images you will need to display at some point in your app. This document explains how to enable Angular service worker support in projects that you created with the Angular CLI. Combining JavaScript bundling, minification, cache busting, and easier debugging #JavaScript #CSS #Web Essentials #optimizations #MVC Blog - Volare Systems - ASP. Nativescript provides Image-Cache, to cache the downloaded image and fetch it from cache whenever requested next time. I’ve broken a lot but fixed more. Angular 2 Interview Questions: Read 37 Best Angular2 interview questions and answers that can be asked by Interview in you Angular 2 Interview. However, one should always be cautious when dealing with caching and don't overdo it. Download jsTree or use CDNJS. Regardless of if images are loading from an external website or from the local file system, these images can take time to load in giving your app a less smooth feel as images pop in on demand. As soon as page is refreshed or loaded again the data gets removed. I tried adding the cache attribute. Then, if there is another request for the same URL, it can use the response that. So when it sees the same script/style/image with the same name it will 304 and serve the cached version. angular-cache will attempt to use these if it finds them. Contenta Angular, as the name implies, is an Angular application consuming Contenta’s APIs. Version 19 is out now. Dynamic templates in AngularJS By Christos S. That cache busting number only changes when the file changes, so you only break cache on the files that need broken. html should be cached using Cache-Control header. In order to make it unique for each passes, we can place in a random number behind the url as shown by both the contributor above. Most modern front-end applications communicate with backend services over the HTTP protocol. You can read more about this in a post by Misko Hevery (See further reading no 2). json manifest file. We are using ngshow directive for show and hide image. This course is based on my previous course - Fundamentals of Angular 2 Full Stack Design, whose target is to know the basics and features of Angular 2. Enable fast and scalable downloads of images and. We implemented a tight integration with Angular 1. x app with a Caché REST backend - Part 1 of Many ⏩ Post By Chris Stewart Intersystems Developer Community Angular ️ CSP ️ HTML ️ JavaScript ️ REST API ️ Web Development ️ Caché. Hi everyone, I was trying to setup a CI of a fresh angular-cli project. It's becoming increasingly important for web-based applications to be accessible offline. Using angular-cache in browsers that DON'T support localStorage: Option 1 - Do nothing (the cache will just store data in memory) Option 2 - Create/use a polyfill that provides the global localStorage and sessionStorage objects. Caching Angular 2 Web Service Results In Local Storage In the last post we looked at how to make a permissions directive which checks specific roles against those assigned to a user. Is you want to disable browser caching for a specific page, you'll need to take some steps to make sure a page does not cache in all browsers. These Angular2 questions have been designed for Javascript UI develo[pers who are preparing interviews on Javascript Framework and want to code/ design beautiful and scalable web application using AngularJs. html, or a file in the assets folder or an image or a font file or something along those lines, it will be cached. html In which case, don't do that. NET Web API. 2+ native directives for Twitter Bootstrap 3. Getting Started. ag-Grid is feature rich datagrid designed for the major JavaScript Frameworks. Services in Angular Part 1 - Fetch data using arrays Author - siha. Angular 2 isn’t an upgrade from Angular 1 but rather a completely new, different, and more advanced framework. Although this set can be expanded, additional methods cannot be assumed to share the same semantics for separately extended clients and servers. You can also check other tutorial of angular, Angular UI Bootstrap – Bootstrap components written in AngularJS. Since you're on the Eclipse marketplace, I would assume you have at least some interest in Eclipse, and as you've made it clear you like VS Code - you might be intersted in CodeMix, which. Official Angular documentation very well explains the difference between specific modes. WIRED is where tomorrow is realized. The getFallback function uses a cache-only strategy, where fallback data that has initially been added to the static files cache is used. October 14th 2019. In order to make it unique for each passes, we can place in a random number behind the url as shown by both the contributor above. As an introduction, we will start running an existing, already dockerized example from Github. At InVision, we deal with a lot of image assets. json, which lives in the root of the workspace:. speedup website start with php stored procedure Text to image website caching xampp server. The solution? Preloading images. This article details the steps necessary to deploy an Angular Router application anywhere on Internet Information Services (IIS). Beyond dragging an event to a different time/day, you cannot change an event's name or other associated data. In this example, the Angular CLI compiles and bundles the Universal version of the app with the Ahead-of-Time (AoT) compiler. Angular service worker and index. If you use a page caching tool in WordPress, like W3 Total Cache or something, you probably have to be less afraid of that filemtime business being too server. With the Angular CLI, Ahead-Of-Time (AOT) compilation is performed by default during a production build process. JavaScript. This page will walk through Angular caching Http Interceptor example. I received the feedback to also try out GitLab. Angular Meetup Berlin. Caching the static content will make your Angular app load faster as it will already be in the browser. If provided, overrides the default template, can be either a remote URL or a cached template id. Fixing index.